Help stop the haze
Forest and peat fires are emerging as a global threat and are driving a public health emergency in Southeast Asia. The smoke from these fires are attributable to 110,000 death in the region, and pump massive volumes of plantet-warming carbon into the air. Indonesia is the front line. It’s here where much of the smoke, known as the Haze Wave, originates.
Over 75% of fire hotspots in Indonesia occur on peatland: partially decayed, dead vegetation which has accumulated over thousands of years and is typically saturated with water – it is virtually impossible to set alight in its natural state. But when they are cleared and drained to make way for plantations like palm oil and pulp and paper, this carbon-rich material becomes tinder dry – and vulnerable to fires.
Indonesia's peatlands, cover less than 0.1 per cent of the Earth's surface, but through draining and fires are already responsible for 4 per cent of global emissions every year, making Indonesia one of the worlds largest carbon emitters.
It’s affecting YOU.
The Haze Wave has an insidious affect on the health of the millions living in Sumatra and the region. Modeling attributes an average of 110,000 deaths a year in the region to these fires, primarily associated with long-term seasonal exposure to smoke particles (Johnston et al., 2012) . This rises to nearly 300,000 deaths during an El Niño year, when droughts are longer and more severe (Johnston et al., 2012). The fires also pump planet-warming carbon into the air - Indonesia’s peatland contain a whopping 60 billions tonnes of carbon. Releasing all of this carbon would be catastrophic for us all.
Some of the hardest hit by the peat fires are communities in Sumatra. Greenpeace has helped tell the story of families whose livelihoods have been impacted by the fires.
Who to blame?
under weak and poorly enforced laws, industrial plantations are continuing to
lay the foundations for next year’s haze. Plantations in Indonesia feed a
massive global appetite for commodities like palm oil and pulp and paper, and
are a massive source of income for a country that rapidly wants to develop.
From plantations to supermarket shelves around the world, businesses are
trading deforestation and peatland destruction.
all forests and peatland is the best long-term solution to the Haze wave.
1) Laws must be
changed and strengthened. The outgoing President of Indonesia has a
chance to firmly establish his “green” legacy before it goes up in smoke. Legislation
must be urgently passed to protect all forests and all peat, no matter how deep
it is or whether it is in existing concessions or not. The government must also
take other measure such as clearing the web of confusing contradictory policies
across different sectors, and create a transparent and credible system mapping
land use and ownership.
2) Companies must end their role in peat and
forest destruction. Companies operating in risky areas like Sumatra
need to recognize there is a problem and then choose to be part of the
solution. This starts with a commitment to No Deforestation, which means
immediately stopping the bulldozers while implementing its commitment. Already
there has been a wave of momentum: from household brands through to producers
on the ground.